Major elements of multimedia include text, video, sound, graphics, and animation. The elements used in multimedia have all existed before. Multimedia simply combines these elements into a powerful new tool.

Out of all of the elements, text has the most impact on the quality of the multimedia interaction. Generally, text provides the important information. Text acts as the keystone tying all of the other media elements together.

Sound is used to provide emphasis or highlight a transition from one page to another. Sound synchronized to screen display, enables teachers to present lots of information at once. Sound used creatively, becomes a stimulus to the imagination; used inappropriately it becomes a hindrance or an annoyance.

The representation of information by using the visualization capabilities of video can be immediate and powerful. While this is not in doubt, it is the ability to choose how we view, and interact, with the content of digital video that provides new and exciting possibilities for the use of digital video in education. Video can stimulate interest if it is relevant to the rest of the information on the page, and is not ‘overdone’. One of the most compelling justifications for video may be its dramatic ability to elicit an emotional response from an individual.

Animation is used to show changes in state over time, or to present information slowly to students so they have time to assimilate it in smaller chunks. Animations, when combined with user input, enable students to view different versions of change over time depending on different variables. Animations are primarily used to demonstrate an idea or illustrate a concept. Video is usually taken from life, whereas animations are based on drawings.

Graphics provide the most creative possibilities for a learning session. They can be photographs, drawings, graphs from a spreadsheet, pictures from CD-ROM, or something pulled from the Internet. With a scanner, hand-drawn work can be included. Standing commented that, “the capacity of recognition memory for pictures is almost limitless”. The reason for this is that images make use of a massive range of cortical skills: color, form, line, dimension, texture, visual rhythm, and especially imagination.

Best interactive multimedia always consists of all the five basic types of media, there must be a proper balance between them. While creating a interactive multimedia, investigate about when is sound more meaningful than a picture? How much text is too much? Does the graphic overwhelm the screen?