This is the third part of my previous article about New Features and Enhancements in SharePoint 2010. You can visit first and second part of this article at
New Features and Enhancements in SharePoint 2010 - Part1 
New Features and Enhancements in SharePoint 2010 - Part2

Following are some other new features and enhancements in SharePoint 2010 which I have explored recently (numbering has been done in continuation of previous article):

21. Improved Enterprise Search

SharePoint 2010 offers several new ways to customize and extend enterprise search capabilities. SharePoint 2010 provides following two main enterprise search options:

  • SharePoint Server 2010 Search – the out-of-the-box SharePoint search for enterprise deployments included by default with SharePoint 2010.
  • FAST Search Server 2010 for SharePoint – a brand new add-on product based on the FAST search technology that combines the best of FAST’s high-end search capabilities with the best of SharePoint.

Following are some of the new and enhanced capabilities introduced in the Enterprise Search area:

  • New Custom Ranking Models allow you to change the weights that are used by SharePoint Search to rank results. Custom Ranking Models are used in conjunction with the Core Results web part.
  • You can scale out the number of crawl/indexer components by adding additional servers to the farm and configuring them as crawlers which enables to increase crawl frequency, volume, and performance by distributing the crawl load among several servers, along with providing indexer redundancy if a server fails.
  • SharePoint 2010 has capability to integrate FAST Search Server 2010 seamlessly.
  • SharePoint 2010 supports wildcard search.
  • Suggestions while typing search queries
  • Improved "did you mean" suggestions togethor with suggestions for related searches.
  • Faceted search is another new feature in SharePoint Search 2010. When a search query returns a lot of results the faceted search functionality displays a refinement panel on the left side which can be used to refine the results based on criteria like Result type, Site, Author, Modified Date, Tags, etc.
  • Phonetic name matching and nickname matching - Users can search for a person by name without knowing the exact spelling of the name. For example, the search query "John Steal" could yield "John Steele" in the search results; results for the search query "Jeff" include names that contain "Geoff." In addition, nickname matching makes it possible for a search query for "Bill" to yield results that include "William."

22. New and improved Social Features

As you know the previous version of SharePoint (MOSS 2007) lacked on some of the main social features and developers needed to develop their own components to implement social features on top of SharePoint 2007. But now Microsoft has filled that gap in SharePoint 2010.

Following are some of the main social features introduced in SharePoint 2010: 

  • Tags, Notes, and "I Like It" - Now in SharePoint 2010, a user can add tags and notes with any page which can be either public or private. A user can also mark a page if he/she liked that page. SharePoint 2010 adds two icons "I Like It" and "Tags & Notes" in all the pages to provide this functionality.
  • Ratings - SharePoint 2010 allows users to rate items within SharePoint site, such as ratings various items within Document libraries, custom lists, blog posts, discussions threads, etc.
  • Tag Cloud - SharePoint 2010 includes an out-of-the-box tag cloud which can be added to any page within the SharePoint site.
  • Newsfeed - Newsfeed is another features included in the SharePoint 2010. You can set the types of updates you want to get in your newsfeed. You can set this using the out-of-the-box settings section available within the user profile page.

23. New Claims-Based Authentication Model

SharePoint Foundation 2010 incorporates a new authentication model that works with any corporate identity system, including Active Directory Domain Services, LDAP-based directories, application-specific databases, and user-centric identity models.

24. SharePoint Health Analyzer

SharePoint Health Analyzer is a feature included in the SharePoint 2010 that allows administrators to schedule regular, automatic checks for potential configuration, performance, and usage problems in the server farm. Any errors that SharePoint Health Analyzer finds are identified in status reports that are made available to farm administrators in Central Administration. Status reports that are produced by SharePoint Health Analyzer explain each issue, list the servers where the problem exists, and outline the steps that an administrator can take to treat the problem. In some cases, errors are repaired automatically as soon as they are found, and it also informs farm administrators about the repairs done.

25. Multi-Tenant Hosting

SharePoint 2010 has capabilities for Multi-Tenant Hosting which allows to setup hosting on site collection level. Now you can host customer1 (tenant 1) on a site collection and customer2 (tenant 2) on another site collection within same web application. Each tenant will only have administrator access to his/her site collection. Also, service applications will keep each tenants data separate from another tenants.  For example, one shared search service application will service tenant1/site collection 1's data and tenant2/site collection 2's data while keeping them separate from each other.

26. Microsoft Office Web Applications

Microsoft Office Web Apps (OWA) is the online companion to Office Word, Excel, PowerPoint and OneNote applications that enables users regardless of their location to access documents and edit documents. Users can view, share, and work on documents with others online across personal computers, mobile phones, and the Web.

Office Web Apps is tightly integrated with SharePoint 2010 Products. The Office Web Apps Feature and services integrate with SharePoint's robust enterprise content management capabilities. Now all of those Office documents in your SharePoint environment can now be viewed and edited from almost any browser, anywhere. Office Web Apps also includes PowerPoint Broadcast Slide Show, allowing users to view PowerPoint presentations live, even when they’re a thousand miles away.

For consumers and small-business users, Office Web Apps will be available on Windows Live as a free service. Business customers licensed for Microsoft Office 2010 through a Volume Licensing program can run Office Web Apps on a server running Microsoft SharePoint Foundation 2010 or Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010.

Some of the Office Apps also support multi-user editing in different scenarios like excel in Office Web Apps but not in Client, OneNote in both Office Web Apps and Client, etc. All the updates done using Office Web Apps occur in near real time.

27. New and Improved Web Analytics Capabilities

SharePoint Server 2010 includes a set of new features to help you collect, report, and analyze the usage and effectiveness of your SharePoint 2010 deployment – whether it’s used as an internal or external web portal, a collaboration tool or a document and records management repository.  SharePoint 2010 provides a set of Web Analytics reports available out-of-the-box. There are following three major categories of reports:

  • Traffic reports: These reports provide metrics such as:
    1. How much traffic your site gets (Number of Page Views);
    2. Who visits your sites (Top Visitors);
    3. How visitors arrive at your site (Top Referrers);
    4. Daily Unique Visitors, Top Destinations, Top Browsers, etc;
  • Search reports: These reports give you insight into what users are searching for, for example:
    1. How many times users searched (Number of Queries);
    2. What were the most used search terms (Top Queries);
    3. What queries have high failure rates (Failed Queries);
    4. Best Bet Usage, Search keywords, etc;
  • Inventory reports: These reports display key metrics regarding the inventory of your sites:
    1. What is the total disk drive space user (Storage Usage);
    2. How many sites exist (Number of Sites);
    3. Top Site Product Versions, Top Site Languages, etc;

You can access Web Analytics reports by going to Site Actions -> Site Settings. Under Site Actions heading you will see two links, Site Web Analytics Reports and Site Collection Web Analytics Reports. When you click on either link, you are taken to an overview page shows you key metrics for your site. You can then drill down to other reports by clicking on the left navigation, and can also change date range by clicking on Analyze tab on Ribbon.

28. Managed Metadata Services

In SharePoint 2007, Content Types were the only way to to manage metadata. But it was really difficult to manage metadata with multiple site collections.

Now Microsoft has introduced Managed Metadata Services in SharePoint 2010, which allows administrators to centrally manage metadata and share it anywhere in the SharePoint farm (across many site collections). SharePoint 2010 also has “folksonomy” tagging capabilities alongside traditional managed metadata lists. This means that users can add their own tags or keywords to documents. While this is configurable on an attribute-by-attribute basis, when enabled it looks to be a very useful way of refining the metadata model over time based on user input because administrators have the ability to add popular user-created tags into the formal managed taxonomy.

29. New Features in Custom Lists

  • UI Change: When you go to create a new list/library, a new form opens in the modal popup window which is a Silverlight component. 
  • All the actions/functionalities related to Lists/Libraries is moved to toolbar/ribbon.
  • Lists/Libraries can have a custom validation for the field. This validation is based in a formula and will be fired when we try to save the item in the list.
  • Now Lists/Libraries have a new field for "Ratings"
  • You can create a lookup for multiple columns. 
  • You can also do list throttling. You can store millions of items in a SharePoint list, but the query operation will become slower as the size of the list grows. Throttling allows realistic limit on the number of items that can be or should be queried from a SharePoint 2010 List. So list throttling help developers & administrators to control the large list & large list queries so that the performance of the whole SharePoint farm doesn’t decrease.

30. External Content types and Lists

SharePoint 2010 has introduced a new type of List called the External List. The External List is used for displaying content that comes from line of business applications and databases using the Business Connectivity Services (BCS) External Content Types. External Content Type can be created either using SharePoint Designer 2010 or Visual Studio 2010.  Once the External Content Type is created, you can create the External List either from the Create page in SharePoint or via SharePoint Designer. External Lists provide you with full CRUD functionality meaning you can Create, Read, Update and Delete data all the way back to the data source (line of business applications or database).

Read more about New Features and Enhancements in SharePoint 2010 in the first and second part of this article at
New Features and Enhancements in SharePoint 2010 - Part1
New Features and Enhancements in SharePoint 2010 - Part2